www.globalresearch.ca Centre for Research on Globalisation Centre de recherche sur la mondialisation
New World Order Weapons:
"Bombing Anywhere On Earth In Less Than Two Hours"
We present to the reader two articles on global military dominance:
The first is by award winning scientist and Global Outlook contributor John Valleau entitled: Space Weapons and World Empire,
The second article is a summary by Space Daily of the so-called Force Application and Launch from the Continental U.S. (FALCON) program developed under the auspices of The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency's (DARPA).
FALCON is the ultimate New World Order weapons' system, to be used for global economic and political domination.
It can strike from the continental US anywhere in the World. It is described as a "global reach" weapon to be used to "react promptly and decisively to destabilizing or threatening actions by hostile countries and terrorist organizations". These weapons sysytems are intended to be used. The repeal of the Rule of Law under the Patriot Act and the militarization of civilian government institutions, (through the repeal of the Posse Comitatus Act), create conditions which enable the Pentagon to use its NWO weapons.
In other words, under de facto US military government, FALCON would allow the US to strike, either in support of conventional forces engaged in a war theater or in punitive bombings directed against countries which do not comply with US economic and political diktats.
Quite concretely FALCON enforces globalization and the submission of both its enemies and "allies" to the global free market system. Needless to say it can also used to destabilize national economies and institutions.
"The unmanned HCV would carry a payload of up to 12,000 lbs and could ultimately fly at speeds of up to 10 times the speed of sound, according to Daniel Goure, a military analyst at the Lexington Institute in Washington." (See J Borger, at http://www.globalresearch.ca/articles/BOR307A.html .
This hypersonic cruise weapon system to be developed by Northrop Grumman "would allow the U.S. to conduct effective, time-critical strike missions on a global basis without relying on overseas military bases."
Michel Chossudovsky, 30 November 2003
US-based missiles to have global reach by Julian Borger, at http://www.globalresearch.ca/articles/BOR307A.html
"Homeland Defense" and the Militarisation of America by Frank Morales, September 2003, http://www.globalresearch.ca/articles/MOR309A.html
Pentagon Wants to Scrap Democracy in America: The Criminalization of the State by Michel Chossudovsky, http://www.globalresearch.ca/articles/EDW311A.html
Space Weapons and World Empire
by John Valleau
This article was published in issue 2 of Global Outlook Magazine , Summer 2002.
For details on the current issue of Global Outlook (No: 6) click here
Imagine space with a blanket of orbiting surveillance equipment and space weapons, particle-beam and laser devices, rockets and missile launchers ... With this it would be possible to apply force locally and instantly, to choose just that level of pain deemed appropriate, and to do so with impunity. It would mark the end of local sovereignty and much of human dignity.
The stated purpose of the Pentagon`s Vision for 2020 is "dominating space" to "protect U.S. interests and investment".
Vision for 2020 is a mission statement of the U.S. Space Command which was published in 1997.1 Since 1997, it has been joined by further documents fleshing out more details of the plan, such as a "Long Range Plan". (Note the date, 2020, which gives a time scale for our concerns).
Vision for 2020 sees outer space under the unilateral control of the United States and filled with weapons able to maintain this control and also able to attack the earth below. The stated purpose is "dominating space" to "protect U.S. interests and investment" (perhaps not so very lofty). This involves "control of space", meaning "access to space, freedom of operations within space, and an ability to deny others the use of space", and also "global engagement", which is "the application of precision force from, to, and through space" as "an active warfighter" with "space-based earth strike weapons". Apparently, then, we are all meant to live not only under constant U.S. surveillance, but under constant threat of violence from a blanket of space weapons – most of us would consider this an indignity too great to be supported.
To what end? The purpose already quoted makes that quite clear: namely, the forceful control of the first whole-world commercial empire. This is driven home by what Vision for 2020 calls an "historic perspective", which states that "military forces have evolved to protect national interests and investments" and "during the rise of sea commerce, nations built navies to protect and enhance their commercial interests. During the westward expansion of the continental United States, military outposts and the cavalry emerged (sic) to protect our wagon trains, settlements and railroads", and so on. It goes on to say "the emergence of space power follows ... these models" (i.e. of former empires and of genocide).
This is only to confirm, in a surprisingly frank way, what has become the common worldwide understanding of the intense U.S. pressure to impose the neo-liberal agenda and structural adjustment on third-world nations (and us), namely to facilitate the classic imperial aim of seizing the resources and exploiting the labour of less developed countries, where possible with the help of puppet governments. The otherwise curious pattern of often heartless U.S. interventions, overt and covert, is also most plausibly interpreted in this way, as is the refusal to countenance the rule of law in international matters, and the rejection of cooperation in confronting ecological imperatives. No surprises here, just a reminder that the ‘globalisation' fights, the environmental concerns, the civil rights dismay and the present focus on the military threat are really all part of a single apprehension of threatened tyranny — tyranny threatened, one has reason to hope, not by most people of the U.S.A., but by a corrupt ruling class acting on behalf of a corporate and financial elite which is able to ‘buy' political power.
Note the problem of controlling such an empire when one colony or another is restive. Nuclear weapons are of limited value, because too powerful for most occasions: their actual use will be too disruptive of the empire (and will probably have adverse collateral effects on current ‘friends' and maybe even the homeland). And bodybags quickly become unacceptable to a citizenry not fully identified with the imperial aims.
But imagine space with a blanket of orbiting surveillance equipment and space weapons such as particle-beam and laser devices, rocket and missile launchers, devices to disable electromagnetic equipment or to control the weather locally, and so on. With this it would be possible to apply force locally and instantly, to choose just that level of pain deemed appropriate, and to do so with impunity. It would mark the end of local sovereignty and much of human dignity.
The role of the Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) project can be seen, in this light, primarily as a stalking horse: a relatively benign-sounding excuse (after all, ‘defensive', and anyway certain to be ineffective) for abrogating an Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty that would otherwise stand in the way of the bigger plans.
All is not lost yet. There seems at last to be a growing awareness among U.S. citizens of what has been going ahead in their name. One sign of this is the current bill HR3616 presented to Congress by Dennis Kucinich (D-Ohio), which would prevent the U.S. Administration from proceeding to develop or put in place space weapons; other U.S. NGOs are pushing for a new international treaty banning all weapons from space. Although the events of September 11 helped the Bush administration to forward its space agenda initially, the travesty of the Afghan "anti-terrorism war" is making people start to question the direction of U.S. policy. There will certainly also be worldwide opposition to the imposition of U.S. military domination of space, as the intention becomes widely recognised.
Canada has a vital role to play. For many years Canada has worked toward banning all weapons from space, playing a leading part in the General Assembly resolution on the subject (November 1999) and repeatedly proposing in the Conference on Disarmament (CD) the convening of negotiations to add such a codicil to the Outer Space Treaty (1967) (which forbids only weapons of mass destruction). Thus our credentials are good, and our partnership in NORAD and NATO must give us some weight. Now is the time for our country to be more vocal. Also adaptable: if the project is being derailed at the CD, then the campaign has to become more public. The Canadian public will give full support, and there may be nothing else so important for the future of Canada and the world as such an initiative.
It is the right time to speak out for a civil world order and reject the threat of techno-tyranny.
1. See www.spacecom.mil/_private/about_space.htm and also www.noos.ca for more details.
John Valleau is Professor Emeritus of Chemistry at the University of Toronto and active member of "Science for Peace". Copyright John Valleau.
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"Bombing Anywhere On Earth In Less Than Two Hours"
27 November 2003
The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency and the US Air Force share a vision of a new transformational capability that aims to provide a means of delivering a substantial payload from within the continental United States (CONUS) to anywhere on Earth in less than two hours. This capability would free the U.S. military from reliance on forward basing to enable it to react promptly and decisively to destabilizing or threatening actions by hostile countries and terrorist organizations.
The US Government's vision of an ultimate prompt global reach capability (circa 2025 and beyond) is engendered in a reusable Hypersonic Cruise Vehicle (HCV). It is envisioned that this autonomous aircraft would be capable of taking off from a conventional military runway and striking targets 9,000 nautical miles distant in less than two hours.
It could carry a 12,000-pound payload consisting of Common Aero Vehicles (CAVs), cruise missiles, Small Diameter Bombs (SDB) or other munitions. HCVs as part of the future U.S. force structure will provide the country dominant capability to wage a sustained campaign from CONUS on an array of time-critical targets that are both large in number and diverse in nature while providing aircraft-like operability and mission recall capability.
The US Government is interested in innovative HCV concepts utilizing novel technologies that mitigate heat load and extend range. Such innovative concepts could enable effective prompt global reach missions and potentially provide a reusable first stage of a two-stage-to-orbit (TSTO) access to space vehicle. This vision is consistent with the goals of the DoD/NASA National Aerospace Initiative.
The United States, however, needs a prompt global reach operational capability in the much nearer term (see AF Space Command Operationally Responsive Spacelift and Prompt Global Strike Mission Need Statements).
This near-term operational capability is embodied in the CAV munitions delivery system integrated with a low-cost, operationally responsive, rocket booster. Essentially, CAV is an unpowered, maneuverable, hypersonic glide vehicle capable of carrying approximately 1,000 pounds in munitions or other payload. This concept has been studied since the mid-nineties and conceptual designs utilizing existing technologies have been developed that offer substantial capability.
CAV designs based on existing technologies are predicted to have a downrange glide on the order of 3,000 nautical miles. Advanced CAV designs have also been developed that offer substantially greater downrange (approximately 9,000 nautical miles) and improved maneuverability (approximately 3,000 nautical miles cross-range). This enhanced performance CAV, henceforth referred to as the Enhanced CAV, requires significant technology development particularly in the areas of thermal protection and guidance, navigation, and control.
In the far-term, the HCV itself could deliver CAVs to multiple targets. In the near-term, CAV requires a launch vehicle or other means of attaining its pierce point conditions in terms of geo-location, altitude, attitude and velocity. Expendable rocket boosters offer adequate near-term capability.
However, existing booster systems are costly and in limited supply. As a consequence, The US Government intends to develop a low-cost, responsive launch vehicle called the Small Launch Vehicle (SLV) under the FALCON program. The program envisions the SLV design being integrated and developed in parallel with the Enhanced CAV design.
The SLV should serve a two-fold function in that it will also provide a low-cost, responsive launch capability for placing small satellites into low Earth orbit (LEO). A total cost per launch (not including payload specific costs) of five million dollars or less is desired. Taken together, the two objectives satisfied by the SLV are a significant spiral in the development of an Operationally Responsive Spacelift (ORS) capability currently being pursued by the Air Force.
Substantial commonality exists between the key technologies that will enable the Enhanced CAV in the near-term and the HCV in the far-term. As a consequence, CAV (using available technologies), Enhanced CAV, and HCV are viewed to lie on a common evolutionary design and technology maturation path.
Therefore, the FALCON program will be an incremental program in that as key capabilities are matured and demonstrated in flight, opportunities will be generated to spiral them into Systems Development and Demonstration (SDD) programs that will provide successive enhancements to the country's capability to perform prompt global strike missions from CONUS (or equivalent reach from alternative US basing).
Recent military engagements in Bosnia, Afghanistan, and Iraq have underscored both the capabilities and limitations of United States air forces in terms of placing ordnance on military targets. While advancements in target identification and precision strike have been abundantly demonstrated, deficiencies in engaging and defeating time-critical and high value, hard and deeply buried targets (HDBT) have also been revealed.
Moreover, the current and future international political environment severely constrains this country's ability to conduct long-range strike missions on high-value, time critical targets from outside CONUS (OCONUS).
This restriction coupled with the subsonic cruise speed limitations of the current bomber fleet translates to greatly extended mission times. Consequences include failure to successfully engage and destroy a large subset of high value, time-critical targets, severe reduction in the tonnage of ordnance that can be placed on targets within a given timeframe, and excessive physical and emotional fatigue levied upon bomber crews.
The US Strategic Command has a critical need for responsive, effective, and affordable conventional strike to provide deterrence, power projection and coercion, delivering munitions in minutes to hours globally from CONUS (or equivalent reach from alternative US basing). The intent is to hold adversary vital interests at risk at all times, counter anti-access threats, serve as a halt phase shock force and conduct suppression of enemy air defense and lethal strike missions as part of integrated strategic campaigns in the Twenty-First Century.
During the high-threat early phases of an engagement, critical mission objectives include the rollback of enemy Integrated Air Defenses (IADs) and the prosecution of high-value targets. Throughout the remainder of the campaign, a continuous vigilance and immediate lethal strike capability are required to effectively prosecute real-time and time-critical targets and to maintain persistent suppression of enemy IADs. A system capable of responsively and effectively performing these mission objectives would provide a "no win" tactical deterrence against which an enemy's defenses would be ineffective.
The US Government acknowledges the differences between past research and development programs, and the FALCON vision. However, the importance of leveraging the lessons learned from past programs should not be minimized.
The US Government expects the Offeror to utilize to the maximum extent possible the knowledge base gained from past programs. This leveraging of capabilities can be accomplished, in part, through teaming with partners that possess expertise in critical technology areas.
One important deviation from past approaches will be the major emphasis upon incremental flight-testing in the FALCON program. The US Government desires technologies be developed in the context of a "building block" flight test approach and that the FALCON program remain demonstration-focused.
The US Government seeks to open up the design space and provide a catalyst for exploring "clean sheet of paper" system design philosophies and global strike mission scenarios especially for far-term approaches. Creative integration of the latest advances across a broad suite of component technologies, and innovative CONOPS will enable a revolutionary advance in global strike capabilities.
The Offeror is encouraged to "think out of the box" and propose unique collaborative design methodologies, analysis tools, processes, capabilities, concepts, innovative teaming arrangements and business practices to reduce the cost of product development.
[Space Daily's] Editor's Note: This is a slightly edited version of the initial introduction of an introduction report issued by the US Govt to explain the Falcon Project. The complete report can be downloaded from DARPA as a 500 MB word document as most recently amended. Several charts are included along with specific details on the technology baselines envisaged for the Falcon Project.Related Links
The Falcon Concept Explained - 500MB Word Doc
DARPA And Air Force Select Falcon Phase I Contractors Washington - Nov 18, 2003
The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and the U.S. Air Force have selected teams for the first phase of the Force Application and Launch from the Continental U.S. (FALCON) program.
ATK to Acquire Hypersonic Flight Businesses From Allied Aerospace
Minneapolis - Nov 25, 2003
ATK has agreed to acquire two hypersonic flight businesses -- GASL and Micro Craft -- from Allied Aerospace. The strategic transaction adds to ATK's portfolio leading-edge propulsion and airframe technologies for highly demanding aerospace and defense applications.
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